Lonely Planet Phrasebooks: Korean

Notes

2013년 9월 15일

I am going to make note of the words I need to add to my flash cards, and then post a video on Youtube of me speaking the transcript aloud.  I will also take notes on grammar patterns that I need to review from the Korean Wiki Project to fully understand.  I have converted all the conversations in this book to 부산사투리 (in most cases, informal speech — apologies ahead of time for the bad words here and there, lol).

제 1 과 – A-Z Phrasebuilder – Language Difficulties: 

야 새끼야, 영어 할 줄 아나! / Hey (SOB), can you speak English?
영어 할 줄 아는 사람 있나? / Are there any people who can speak English here?
알아 들었나? / Do you understand?
못 알아 들었다. / I don’t understand.
나 영어 할 줄 안다. / I can speak English.
나 한국말 못 한다. / I can’t speak Korean.
조금 할 줄 안다. / I know a little.
한국말 좀 배우고 싶다. / I want to learn some Korean.
김치가 뭐고? / What is kimchi? What does kimchi mean (in English)?
이거 한국말로 뭐고? / How do you say this in Korean?
Car이 한국말로 뭐고? / What is “car” in Korean?
이걸 한국말로 어떻게 말하노? / How do you say this in Korean? 
오늘 우리 만나기로 했다이가? / We were going to meet today, right?
사랑 어떻게 쓰노? / How do you write “love” (in Korean)?
못 알아 듣겠다. / I don’t understand (polite form).  
다시 말해 주가. / Say it again.
천천히 말해 주가. / Speak more slowly/say it more slowly.
적어 주가. / Write it down.
뭐 보고 있노? / What are you watching/looking at?

Vocab to Memorize:

  • 알아듣다 – to understand; to comprehend; to get the meaning (compound verb)
  • 뭐고 – what (is this)? (부산사투리)
  • 어떻게 말하노? – how do you say (this)? (부산사투리 question form)
  • 만나기로 했다아이가 – (we were) going to meet, right? (부산사투리 rhetorical form, similar to -지)
  • 어떻게 쓰노? – how do (you) write (it)? (부산사투리 question form)
  • 못 알아 듣겠다 – (I) don’t understand (more polite due to 겠, 부산사투리 statement form)
  • 다시 – again
  • 말해 주가 – repeat (that) (말하주다 compound verb, 부산사투리 imperative/request form)
  • 적어 주가 – write (it) down (부산사투리 imperative/request form)
  • 보고 있노? – (what are you) looking at? (부산사투리 progressive, question form)

Additional Vocab to Memorize from Introduction:

  • 소개 – introduction
  • 발음 – pronunciation
  • 표현 만들기 – phrase builder (making phrases)
  • 언어 장벽 – language difficulties
  • 비무장지대 – Demilitarized Zone
  • 게시판 – billboard, bulletin board
  • 외삼촌 – an uncle on the mother’s side
  • 쾌락 – a ready (willing) consent, acceptance (of an offer)
  • 쾌락하다 – to give consent, to accept (an offer)
  • 궤도 – a track, a circle, an orbit
  • 귀신 – a departed soul, a spirit
  • 원숭이 – a monkey, an ape
  • 야구 – baseball
  • 예절 – manners, ettiquete
  • 효도 – duty to one’s parents
  • 효도하다 – to be dutiful, good to one’s parents
  • 유학 – study abroad, study far away from home
  • 유학생 – a foreign exchange student, student studying abroad
  • 지도 – leadership, guidance
  • 차마 – horse, vehicle
  • 고구마 – sweet potato
  • 감자 – Irish potato, reduction of capital
  • 감자하다 – to reduce capital
  • 콩나물 – bean sprouts
  • 나눔 – sharing, giving
  • 나눔장 – flea market
  • 심리학 – psychology, the science of mind
  • 심리학자 – a psychologist
  • 다리 – a bridge
  • 탈춤 – a masked dance
  • 위치 – a place, a location
  • 위치하다 – to be located (somewhere)
  • 예약 – a reservation, a booking, a subscription
  • 모래 – sand
  • 중앙 – central
  • 안전하다 – to be safe
  • 안전하게 운전 하다 – to drive safely
  • ~분 – people (counter)
  • ~마리 – animals (counter)
  • ~장 – flat pieces of paper (counter)
  • ~권 – books, notebooks (counter)
  • ~잔 – cups, glasses (counter)
  • ~ 대 – vehicles (counter)
  • 맵다 – to be hot, spicy, peppery
  • 아름답다 – to be beautiful
  • 춥다 – to be cold
  • 싶어하다 – to like (something) (third person)
  • 어린이/어린아이 – child
  • 과자 – cookie
  • 경제 – economy
  • 주차장 – carpark, parking lot
  • 금요일 – Friday
  • 먹요일 – Thursday (you always mix these two days up, use the mnemonic “you always eat a lot on Thursday, 먹다 = to eat)
  • 너희들 – you (informal plural form)
  • 그 – he (informal)
  • 그녀 – her (informal)
  • 그분 – them (polite)
  • 그들 – they/them (informal)
  • 기차 – train
  • 기차역 – train station
  • 누가 – who (as a subject, contracted form of 누구가)
  • 찾다 – to find, to look for
  • 녹다 – to melt
  • 쓰다 (Verb)* (key verb, many common meanings): 1) to write, compose, 2) to put on, wear, 3) to use (like a tool), 4) to employ, hire, 5) to adopt, follow, 6) to spend, consume, 7) to exercise, play, 8) to speak, 9) to resort to, 10) to circulate, pass, 11) to take (a medicine)
  • 색을 쓰다 – to have sex (compound verb)
  • 빚을 쓰다 – to borrow money (compound verb)
  • 한턱 쓰다 – to give a person a treat (compound verb)
  • 막을 쓰다 – to make a move, to move a piece (as in chess)
  • 쓰다 (Adj.) – to be bitter

제 2 과 – Numbers & Amounts – Useful Amounts: 

얼마고? / 얼만데? / How much is it?
몇 갠데? / How many (things)?
두 배 더 주가. / Give me double. 
세 배 더 주가. / Give me triple.
열 배 더 주가. / Give me ten times as much.
돈 많이 주가. / Give me a lot of money.
몇개 주가. / Give me a few.
조금만 덜 주가. / Only give me a little bit less.
조금만 주가. / Only give me a little bit.
많이 주가. / Give me a lot.
더 주가. / Give me more.

Vocab to Memorize:

  • 얼마고?/얼만데? – how much (is it)? (부산사투리 question form, can conjugate these two ways)
  • 몇 갠데? – how many? (부산사투리)
  • 배 – double/twice the amount
  • 몇개 – a few
  • 덜 – less

Other Vocab to Memorize from Lesson:

  • 숫자와 양 – numbers and amounts
  • 기수 – cardinal numbers
  • 서수 – ordinal numbers
  • 분수와 소수 –  fractions and decimals
  • 단위를 나타내는 표현 –
  • 단위 – a unit, denomination
  • 나타내다 – to show, to display
  • 양에 관한 표현 – counters/classifiers
  • 양 – amount, quantity
  • 관하다 – to concern, to regard
  • Weights and Measures – Sino-Korean Numbers:
    • 일 그램 – 1 gram
    • 일 킬로그램 – 1 kilogram
    • 오백 시시 – half a liter (500 mL)
    • 일 리터 – 1 litre
    • 일 평 – 1 pyong (3.3 sq meters)
    • 만 원어치… – (10,000 won) worth of…
  • Weights and Measures – Pure Korean Numbers:
    • 한 돈 – 1 ton (3.75g)
    • 한 근 – 1 kun (600g)
    • 한 쌍 – a pair
    • 한 조각 – a slice
    • 한 캔 – tin (can)
  • Pure Korean Cardinal Numbers:
    • 스물 – 20
    • 서른 – 30
    • 마흔 – 40
    • 쉰 – 50
    • 예순 – 60
    • 일흔 – 70
    • 여든 – 80
    • 아흔 – 90
  • Sino-Korean Numbers:
    • 천 – 1,000
    • 만 – 10,000
    • 십만 – 100,000
    • 백만 – 1,000,000
  • Pure Korean Ordinal Numbers (ordinal numbers are more interchangeable):
    • 첫째 – 1st
    • 둘째 – 2nd
    • 셋째 – 3rd
    • 넷째 – 4th
    • 다섯째 – 5th
  • Sino-Korean Ordinal Numbers:
    • 제일/제1 – 1st
    • 제이/제2 – 2nd
    • 제삼/제3 – 3rd
  • Fractions and Decimals (fractions use Sino-Korean numbers, but they’re in reverse order from words in English.  Note that “half” has its own Sino-Korean word, 반.  When counting objects, “half” comes after the counting marker):
    • 분 – a division, a park
    • 이분의 일/반 – 2/1, or 1/2 (a half)
    • 두 개 반 – two and a half things
    • 사분의 일 – 3/1, or 1/3 (one third)
    • 사분의 삼 – 4/3, or 3/4 (three fourths)
    • 점 – “point,” the word for a decimal point (i.e. 3.14 = 삼 점 일 사)
    • 일 점 오 세 = 1.5 Generation (the term for ethnic Koreans born elsewhere)

제 3 과 – Times & Dates – Telling the Time: 

몇시고? / What time is it?
한시다. / It’s one o’clock.
두시 오분이다. / It’s 2:05.
두시 십오분이다. / It’s 2:15.
두시 반이다. / It’s 2:30.
세시 십오분 전이다. / It’s 15 before three.
세시 이십분 전이다. / It’s 20 before three.
오늘 며칠이고? / What day is it today?
이천칠년 시월 십삼일이다. / It’s October 13th, 2007.

Vocab to Memorize:

  • 몇시고? – what time is it? (부산사투리 conjugation)
  • 며칠 – how many days, how long, several days
  • 며칠이고? – what day is it (today)? (부산사투리 conjugation)

Additional Vocab to Memorize:

  • 날짜 – a date, days
  • 시간 말하기 – telling the time
  • 달력 – calendar
  • 음력 – lunar calendar
  • 일일 – one day
  • 이일 – two days
  • 삼일 – three days
  • 사일 – four days
  • 오일 – five days
  • 육일 – six days
  • 하루  – one day (Pure Korean)
  • 이틀 – two days (Pure Korean)
  • 사흘 – three days (Pure Korean)
  • Seasons:
    • 붐 – spring
    • 여름 – summer
    • 가을 – fall
    • 겨울 – winter
    • 하지 – summer solstice
    • 동지 – winter solstice
    • 장마 – rainy season
  • 현재 – Present:
    • (바로) 지금 – (right) now
    • 오늘 – today
    • 오늘 밤 – tonight
    • (이틀) 동안 – for (two days)
    • 오늘 아침 – this morning
    • 오늘 오후 – this afternoon
    • 이번 주 – this week
    • 이번 달 – this month
    • 올해 – this year
  • 과거 – Past:
    • 어제 – yesterday
    • 그저께 – the day before yesterday
    • (오월)부터 – since (May)
    • 삼십 분 전에 – half an hour ago
    • 사흘 전에 – three days ago
    • 오 년 전에 – five years ago
    • 얼마 전에 – a while ago
    • 어제 – yesterday
    • 어제 아침 – yesterday morning
    • 어제 오후 – yesterday afternoon
    • 어제 저녁 – yesterday evening
    • 어젯밤 – last night
    • 지난주 – last week
    • 지난달 – last month
    • 작년 – last year
  • 미래 – Future:
    • 내일 – tomorrow
    • 모레 – the day after tomorrow
    • (유월)까지 – until (June)
    • 오 분 안에 – in five minutes
    • 한 시간 안제 – in an hour
    • 엿새 안에 – in six days
    • 한 달 안에 – in a month
    • 내일 아침 – tomorrow morning
    • 내일 오후 – tomorrow afternoon
    • 내일 저녁 – tomorrow evening
    • 다음 주 – next week
    • 다음 달 – next month
    • 내년 – next year
  • 하루 중에 – During the Day:
    • 오후 – afternoon
    • 새벽 – dawn
    • 낮 – day
    • 저녁 – evening
    • 정오 – midday, noon
    • 자정 – midnight
    • 아침 – morning
    • 밤 – night
    • 해돈이/일출 – sunrise
    • 해넘이/일몰 – sunset
  • Holidays and Festivals:
    • 벚꽃 축제 – Cherry Blossom Festival
    • 추석 – 추석 – Chusok (Harvest Moon Festival)
    • 한글날 – Hangul Day (October 9th)
    • 구정/설날 – Lunar New Year
    • 개천절 – National Foundation Day (October 3rd)

Conjugation Rule to Memorize:

  • 육 becomes 유 when placed before 월 to form word for June (유월)
  • 십 becomes 시 when placed before 월 to form word for October (시월)

2013년 9월 16일

제 4 과 – Times & Dates – Telling the Time: 

몇 달러 없다. / I only have a few dollars.
이거 얼마고? / How much is this?
가격 좀 적어주가. / Please write down the price.
계산서가 이상하다. / There’s a mistake in the bill.
현금 어디 있노? / Where is the ATM?
에이티엠 어디 있노? / Where is the ATM?
환전소 어디 있노? / Where is the foreign exchange office?
수수료가 얼마고? / How much is the charge?
환율이 얼마고? / How much is the exchange rate?
무료다. / It’s free.
신용카드 받나? / Do you accept credit cards?
체크카드 받나? / Do you accept debit cards?
여행자수 받나? / Do you accept traveller’s checks?
수표 받나? / Do you accept checks?
달러 받나? / Do you accept dollars?
엔 받나? / Do you accept yen?
거스름돈 주가. / Give me change.
영수증 주가. / Give me the receipt.
환불하고 싶다. / I want a refund.
반품하고 싶다. / I want to return (this).
여행 수표 현금으로 바꿔주가. / Exchange this traveller’s check into cash.
환전해 주가. / Give me change (say this when asking for someone to break down bills into smaller change)
현금서비스 받고싶다. / I want to receive a cash advance.
잔돈으로 (contracted form of 작은 돈으로) 바꿔주가. / Exchange this note into money.  
돈 뽑고 싶다. / I want to withdraw money.
에이티엠 쳐 돌았노! / The ATM machine is crazy! (say this when the machine eats your card).

Vocab to Memorize:

Additional Vocab to Memorize:

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